Fractured tooth is a common dental problem for many. Although a fractured tooth can be repaired, it is next to impossible for it to completely heal. However, seeking the help of a dentist as soon as possible will prevent further complication. A tooth fracture is painful, but the pain will subside in a few days after treatment.
Teeth are vital for your overall health! Teeth are not just there for biting or chewing, but to enhance your appearance too. Regular dental care goes far in protecting your teeth. There are a number of ways you can prevent tooth fractures, such as maintaining dental hygiene, wearing a mouth-guard if you are playing contact sports or if you grind teeth, and avoiding hard foods.
Each individual tooth features three layers: pulp, dentin and enamel! Each tooth part has its’ specific role. Enamel acts as the protective coat, and when cracked it leaves the teeth vulnerable. The dentine and pulp are also very important parts of the tooth, and when broken the tooth will be at risk of infection. Teeth fractures usually occur due to assaults, trauma, sport activities, falls among others.
Broken Teeth Causes
Generally the teeth are strong! But they tend to break, crack or chip when exposed to stresses and strains. With broken teeth immediate pain isn’t a common symptom. You might experience discomfort when biting or chewing, if the crack has affected the tooth nerve. What causes tooth break, chip or crack?
- Using your teeth as tools
- Playing contact sports without mouth-guard
- Chewing hard objects (non-food objects)
- Tongue and cheek piercing
- The Metal Amalgam used to fix cavities
- Bad bite
Broken Teeth Symptoms
Is not a must for a broken, cracked or knocked-out tooth to be painful! You may feel the affected part of the tooth with your tongue. Nevertheless, you should not ignore a non-painful fractured tooth as this may bring complications in the future. Not only does a fractured tooth affect your smile, appearance, but also the chewing and biting.
The pain of a fractured tooth might come and go. Sometimes you might experience it only during biting or when exposed to extreme temperatures. Leaving the cracks untreated can great room for food and bacteria, which may lead to tooth decay in the future.
Whether your tooth fracture is a crack, chip, knock-out, or wear and tear, expect a number of signs and symptoms ranging to pain due to extreme temperatures or pain when you bite or chew. Unlike cavity, the pain of a broken or cracked tooth isn’t constant. Other less common symptoms of fractured tooth, includes cuts on the lips and cheeks area, facial swelling, isolated mouth bleeding, and over time the tooth will change in color.
When to Visit a Dentist for Broken Teeth Treatment
If you have a tooth fracture, visit your dentist. In case a permanent tooth is knocked-out, you should seek the dentist help as soon as possible. If you are experiencing persistent bleeding, trouble breathing, facial swelling, severe pain and fever, seek emergency dental care.
Broken Teeth Diagnose
The dentist will carry out evaluation of the events that lead to the fracture. He will also examine the state of your mouth, teeth and face. And carry out a focused examination as he looks for damaged jaw, nerves and salivary ducts as well as missing teeth.
An X-ray will be taken to detect all the tooth injuries. The X-ray will also capture soft tissues, jaw and the teeth structure. The dentist will view it to determine the facture and possible cause. Sometimes one may accidently swallow a knocked-out tooth. In such a case the dentist will take a chest or neck X-ray to find out the location of the missing tooth. The missing tooth might end up in the stomach, throat or lung.
The dentist will describe and grade the tooth fractures to determine how serious the case is.
How to Treat Broken Teeth
- Self-help tips
Many people feel uncomfortable dealing with a broken tooth. If you feel uneasy implanting the knocked-out tooth, kindly place it in milk, saliva or saline, and seek urgent dentist care. You mouth is the best place to store the tooth as the saliva will keep it moist and protect it from bacteria. Don’t store the tooth in water as the tooth will be damaged.
When it comes to a child, the adult should take the responsibility of keeping the tooth in a moist place. Consult your doctor on how to preserve the tooth until you get the dental care required. Alternative, you can store it in milk. If you are uncooperative, the child might end up swallowing it. Thus, you should be extremely cautious!
Rinse your mouth with tap water if the socket in question is bleeding. Place a piece of tissue on the socket to stop the bleeding. For broken tooth preserve the broken piece like discussed above, and avoid eating or drinking anything. Seek the necessary dentist attention.
- Medical treatment
- Dental crown
- Root canal
- Tooth Reattachment
- No treatment
Can the broken tooth heal completely?
A broken bone may heal completely, but when it comes to a broken tooth the outcome is quite different. After treatment some cracks may become more extensive. The progressing crack may result to tooth loss. Some treatments such as dental crown aren’t always a success. Nevertheless, treating the crack helps to relieve the dental pain and reduces the likelihood of future complications. Broken tooth treatment restore the functions of the tooth, and provides years of perfect smile and comfortable biting and chewing.
Complications of a cracked or broken tooth
If a cracked or broken tooth is untreated, may lead to complications, such as infections, cavity, severe dental pain among other dental concerns. Signs and symptoms of dental infection, includes fever, dental pain, sensitivity to extreme temperatures, bad breath, swollen gums and tender glands in the neck. You have to visit your dentist!
Broken Teeth Prevention
No one would intentionally break their teeth. Most tooth cracks and fractures are as a result of accidents or carelessness. And when it comes to accidents there is little you can do to prevent them. For instance a tooth may crack or break after a fall. The way to protecting your teeth from breaks, cracks and chips is wearing a mouth-guard during contact sports, not using your teeth as bottle opener, pliers or scissors, among other prevention measures. Also, if you are likely to grind your teeth while sleeping or stressed, always wear a mouth-guard.
A broken tooth may be noticeable, but cracks can only be noticed through sensitivity when exposed to extreme temperatures or pain when biting or chewing. It is advisable to visit a dentist as soon as possible to get the fractures treated.
A cracked, broken or chipped tooth is a common dental problem that can be treated. There are a number of procedures available to restore the tooth structure, appearance and smile. Immediate dental care helps to save your tooth and prevent complications in future.
But how can you prevent the cracks and breaks in the first place? Not using your teeth as tool, avoiding biting hard objects, wearing mouth-guard when playing contact sport or if you grind your teeth, are some of the prevent measures.