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What is tooth decay?
Tooth decay also called dental caries is one of the most common diseases in the entire world and it can affect any person regardless of his age. It is infection and it may be transmitted from one person to the next one. The cavity is the end result form of disease. The good news is that cavities can be treated when detected early and they are preventable. When early caries lesion is discovered, it may be reversed.
A dental extraction is also known as tooth pulling, exodentia or tooth extraction. The extraction can be done because of many reasons including severe tooth decay, dental trauma and periodontal disease.
What it is dental tooth decay and how does it start?
The plaque, which is a sticky film full of bacteria, it will form at the surface of a tooth. While taking the drink and food that contain acids or sugars, the bacteria in a plague may produce the acids and the acid can attack the enamel of the teeth which leads to losing of the minerals.
At the early stage of this disease, the mineral loss may be visible when a white spot or black stained lesion is found at the tooth surface. When the oral environment does continue to be acidic, then the mineral loss of the teeth will continue up to the time the white spot lesion will turn to be a small cavity. When the cavity is not checked early, it will become larger and larger.
If tooth decay is not treated when it is still early, then the problem will spread to reach to more teeth and also on the gums. When this happens, then there will be a need of using expensive and elaborate method to deal with tooth decay such as tooth extraction and tooth replacement. Some time advanced gum disease can develop if the tooth decay had not been treated using filling when it was still early.
The indication that you have poor overall dental health with tooth decay is the bad breath with tooth sensitivity. There are time when tooth decay can be a result of unrelated problem like chronic infection of the ear, sinuses and scratchy throat. Even if this may not be always the case, you should consult with the health care professional so that he can offer you the right peace of mind.
When the tooth decay continues, then it will destroy a large amount of the tooth and it will reach to the level that it may not be repaired by the use of filling or fluorides alone. If you may be able to identify the tooth decay when it is still early, you will be able to get a better insight of how you can care for the teeth.
As the tooth decay continues, it will reach to the stage where it will cause strong pain and the death of the nerve. The cheek will start to swell and the tooth creates a pocket of pus which is emptied afterwards by getting rid of the pulp and dead bacteria matter. This can happen without the person in concern even noticing it.
How does tooth decay start on the teeth?
The oral environment is in a constant acid attack and it strips important minerals away of the teeth while it breaks down the teeth. If the acid attack takes place constantly, the minerals will continue to replenish using mineral rich saliva with the fluoridated water and from toothpaste. The decay takes place because of two main factors, they are bacteria found in your mouth and the diet that has too much starch and sugar. The bacteria found in the plaque will convert the sugar in the acid which will start to dissolve tooth structure; this will lead to cavities and holes. The area of the teeth which is more vulnerable to the plaque is the area where it is easy for the plaque to accumulate. The plaque may settle in the fissures and pits of teeth and in the place found between teeth. Wherever there is a plaque, there is also acid and bacteria and this leads to the tooth destruction. The cavity will start at outer layer of a tooth and as it continues to get deeper, it will penetrate to reach in the softer inner layer of a tooth also known as the dentin. A person will start to notice the symptoms and signs of cavity when it has reached to dentin.
Who is affected with dental decay or cavities?
The tooth decay is a type of common disorder and it affects more young adults and children but anyone can be affected. Tooth decay takes place in people who are still young. Saliva prevents the plaque against attacking the teeth and it helps in washing away and digesting the food particles. The low flow of saliva and the dry mouth will leave the teeth to be more vulnerable towards the tooth decay. This also affects the patients who suffer problems such as the Sjogren’s syndrome and any other disease which affect the salivary gland. There are people who are more at risk of developing tooth decay compared to others.
- Tooth and shape: the small teeth that have serious grooves and deep pits are vulnerable to the cavity formation compared to the large teeth have a shallower grooves
- Enamel thickness: enamel is the main defense of a tooth against the cavities, a person who has less enamel, the easier he can get the cavities
- Tooth bite and position: overlapped and crooked teeth can suffer the plaque more since they have places that are not easy to clean
- Tooth sequence and eruption: people who suffer permanent teeth when it is still too early, they are at greater risks of suffering cavities since they do not have the right hygiene practice.
Treatment of dental tooth decay
Some people do not care too much about their cavities and this is when it has not developed the pain. The pain will start when the cavities have reached to advanced level and it may have spread on other teeth. Most of the time, the solution to deep cavities are the extraction.
With the advancement of dental technology, extraction is no longer the only solution to dental decay, other available treatment are:
- Crowning of the damaged tooth if more than one tooth has decayed where the teeth will be made to support one another.
- For deep back teeth decay, the doctor will treat also the gum and the root
- The doctor may also recommend the use of bridges and dental implants.
- If it is the baby that suffers cavities, he can be treated using pulpotomy, extraction, crown or tooth restoration.
Symptoms of dental cavities
If the cavity has advanced to reach deeper in a tooth, it will lead to increased sensitivity for someone who takes hot, sweet or cold items. Sometime it can cause toothache. To diagnose the cavity, the dentist may use his eyes or advanced options through clinical evaluation, x-rays, and tooth testing.
WHAT OUR PATIENTS ARE SAYING
I had a root canal and a crown done here, the entire process took about an hour. Will be back in 2 weeks for my final crown! Great doctor, great staff.
URBN Dental provided great service and they were all so nice. They did a great job communicating with me and i would recommend to all
They were very prompt and professional. I felt very comfortable in the visit. They have good exam specials without any hidden fees. I have found me a permanent dentist office. Thanks URBN staff.
I have to say for the 1st time in my life I was excited to walk out of the Dentist! Not only did my treatment NOT HURT AT ALL, but the office was full or POSITIVE ENERGY! From the time I walked in to the time I walked out I had an unbelievable, unforgettable experience with Dr. David Nguyen and Mrs. Julz Rivas! Thank you guys for the amazing service!!!
I Stopped by the office for a cleaning and some xrays. Dr. David was very personable and competent. He explained to me exactly what was going on in my mouth and fixed a high filling that I had done a few months ago in minutes. Looks like a found my new Dentist!
Great service! Dr. Nguyen was personable and very informative. Awesome work on my chipped front tooth – I couldn’t stop looking them!