There are many dental implants problems despite their many advantages and implant failure is one of them. Research shows that the rate of implant failure is about 5% and this can be caused by various reasons. Oral hygiene and maintenance visits with your dentist is mandatory to keep the area clean and healthy. Early failure can be experienced, while late failure is also a possibility.
Early Dental Implant Failure
Early failure is one of the major dental implants problems and it is usually witnessed after three to four months of the surgery. During this period, the implant is just trying to integrate with your jawbone. Some of the causes of early implant failure are discussed below.
If you have an autoimmune disease, the rate of your implant failure may be higher compared to those without it. Basically, an autoimmune disease is a condition that makes your immune system to attack itself. And destroy the tissues of the body. This can increase the likelihood of your body to reject an implant. Some types of autoimmune diseases are lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, just to mention a few.
Poor Blood Supply
If there isn’t enough blood reaching the treatment site, the healing process will be slowed down. Poor blood supply can be caused by an autoimmune disease, blood disease or blood clot at other parts of the body. An implant can fail if enough blood does not get to the treated area after the surgery.
Some medications can cause dental implants problems. If you are taking some drugs, like bisphosphonates which is used for treating osteoporosis, the success rate of your implant may be impeded. As a result of this, it is very important for you to discuss your past and current medications as well as supplements with your dentist so that the necessary proactive steps that will guarantee success will be taken.
Poor health can bring about dental implants problems. If you do not care for teeth and gums properly, the success rate of your dental implant can be hindered. An implant will probably have lower integration rate with a body that is unhealthy.
Infections can be at the bottom of dental implants problems. A gum disease known as peri-implantitis is a popular infection that can lead to early implant failure. The infection can crop up at the time of the surgery or thereafter, either when there is an open wound or the leaking dental cement sticks to the gums. If peri-implantitis is diagnosed as the cause of the implant failure, a replacement will be carried out. You are more exposed to the infection if you smoke, have an autoimmune disease or your oral hygiene is poor.
Usually, an implant procedure is completed in two stages. The first stage is the infusion of the implant while the second stage is the placement of the abutment as well as crown, with enough time spacing between each stage. In some instances, the two stages may be carried out at once and this is known as immediate loading. Immediate loading makes the treatment time to be shorter, encourages quicker recovery and requires less care after the surgery. If you have a deficient bone quality, immediate loading can cause overloading which is a condition characterized by too much pressure on the crown or abutment.
Rejection Of Foreign Body
This is very rare but possible. Your body may reject an implant which may be seen as a fatal foreign object and its integration will be rejected. This can lead to the failure of the implant.
A lot of dental implants are produced with titanium alloy and may contain small bits of nickel. This can make some people to be allergic with inflammatory reactions that can be in form of burning or tingling sensation.
Damaged tissues or nerves around the implant can cause early failure. The damage may be caused if you the anatomy makes it difficult, especially if the implant is placed too near to a nerve.
Late Or Long-Term Failure
A long-term dental implant failure may be experienced between one and ten years after the surgery. Just like early failure, there are many factors that contribute to late failure and some of them are discussed below.
When the implants supporting artificial teeth are not enough, the procedure leading to this condition is referred to as under-engineered. This can put too much pressure on the implant which may eventually lead to failure. An experienced dentist know the number of implants needed in order to avert late failure.
The rate of late implant failure among smokers is higher in contrast to non-smokers. The Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry revealed that the rate of implant failure among smokers is usually between about 6.5% and 20%. If you are a smoker, you can have an implant but you need to let your doctor know your smoking history in order to help him/her to factor this into your treatment plan. It is advisable to stop smoking in order to have a sound all-embracing dental health.
Bruxism is another word for constant teeth clenching or grinding and it can come into existence as a result of many factors such as misaligned teeth, stress, missing teeth, among others. This clenching and grinding puts additional pressure on your teeth and make them get damaged. Bruxism usually takes place overnight when you are sleeping and can make the integration of implants with the jaw bone very difficult. This can lead to the failure of your implant if the situation is not fixed in good time.
Poor Oral Hygiene
If you don’t take proper care of your teeth and gums after your implant surgery, there can be failure of the whole procedure. Poor oral hygiene can cause infections as well as gum disease which can make your implant to fail.
Lack Of Bone
Insufficient jawbone can cause dental implants problems. If you don’t have enough bone to support the implant, the place can be infected by bacteria and cause implant failure. You should see your dentist if you feel that your implant is failing.