Information about dental implants
A healthy and beautiful smile can’t be achieved with missing teeth or large spaces. There are several ways to restore the function of damaged or missing teeth, and a dental implant is one of them. Dental implants is a process that involves placement of the titanium implant into your space in the bone. Surgical fixtures are fixed into your jawbone, and within few months, they will fuse with the bone. The entire process may take a few months from placement to restoration.
Dental implants are used to replace the roots of damaged teeth. They have to fixed directly into the jawbone to fuse with the bone and provide the support needed. To form the entire tooth structure, crowns, bridges or dentures are attached.
What are dental implants? Dental implant is one of the most common methods of replacing missing teeth. An implants acts just like a normal root, this is due to its ability to fuse with the bone and provide the support needed without disturbing the neighboring teeth. It is very easy for implants to integrate with bones because they are made of materials like titanium that can’t be detected by the body as foreign object.
Why do you need dental implants?
There a number of reasons you might need a dental implant. Was your tooth just knocked out? Is your tooth having a serious decay and can not be saved? To restore you teeth via use of crowns or dentures, bridges or dental fillings, you will need to have strong roots to support the procedure. Dental implants might be required in fixing the damage, especially if the root is affected. Implants works for most people, but one must have enough bone for the implants to be fixed. In addition, one should be free of periodontal disease because such a disease can severely damage the jawbone and gum. The surgery is not recommendable to smokers, a person with uncontrolled diabetes, a person who have undergone radiotherapy on the head and neck, a person with autoimmune disease or taking medicines for autoimmune conditions. In other words, a good implant surgery candidate should have no health issues that will affect the healing process.
Who is more susceptible to needing a dental implant?
Tooth lose is a common dental problem that is caused by poor dental care, injury, illness, old age among others. If you brush and floss your teeth irregularly, you make it very easy for gum disease and cavities to attack, which might result to loss of tooth or teeth. When the tooth surface isn’t properly cleaned plague might build-up causing tooth decay. Usually, tooth decay may lead to cavities, if not treat as soon as possible. Thus, if you don’t take good care of your overall dental health, you might end-up undergoing an implant surgery in order to replace the missing teeth.
Generally, you will need a dental implant when replacing teeth, which have been lost via decay, damage or fractures. Instead of wearing removable dentures, you should go for implant supported dentures as an option, which will help to fix the dentures permanently. If your dental structure is damaged, you don’t like dentures, and would like to improve your dental health, then implant surgery will be of great help.
How do you treat a patient while undergoing dental implant surgery?
First the dentist has to plan how the dental surgery will be carried out. Implants surgery is not all about placement of the dental implants. The dentist has to ensure the process will not affect the neighboring teeth or the existing anatomy. The dentist can take dental x-rays and CT scans to evaluate the teeth structure. With the latest technology, there are 3D imaging programs that can help the dentist to get a clear picture of your jawbone, skull, sinus, and jaw-line. The dentist can use a precision surgical guide to determine your bite (occlusion). This helps to figure out exactly where the implants should be placed as well as the replacements.
If you are anxious, you should communicate with your dentist prior to the surgery process. You will not experience any pain during the surgery, but after the surgery, you may experience mild pain or little discomfort. Use of local anesthesia is common during implant surgery.
During the surgery, the first procedure should be ‘site preparation’. The dentist will carry out an osteotomy – drilling a hole into the bone. Some cuts (incisions or flaps) are made on the gum tissue in order to access the bone by allowing visualization of the bone location and shape. However, sometimes the incisions or flaps may not be required, but only if there is a guarantee the placement can be accurate, which may require high-level of expertise and very accurate surgical guides. To ensure accurate fixing of the implants the dentist will have to use a surgical guide or template. Drilling is a very important implant procedure to ensure the implant fusing to the bone will be a success.
Once the drilling is done, you can place the implants. The implants should be sterile prior to fixing. In fact, you should not touch the implants surfaces with your bare hands to avoid contamination. Immediately the implants are removed from their sterile packaging, they should be fixed on the drilled sites. You should take radiographs during the fixing procedure and after to help correction the positioning of the implants.
The final procedure can need stitching of the flaps. You should use stitches that can be absorbed so that you won’t have to remove them afterwards.
What are the symptoms of someone who needs a dental implant?
If you have a missing or damaged tooth, you should consult your dentist for the way forward. If the root of the tooth in question is still strong and intact, then there will be no need of dental implants. Usually, dental implants are fixed on the jawbone in case the tooth root is rotten, damaged or knocked out together with the enamel. However, you should consult your dentist to determine whether the treatment can work for you. The following are the symptoms of someone who needs implant surgery;
- Missing tooth
- Tooth decay
- Tooth fracture
- Tooth injury
- Tooth defect