Dental Pain: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Even if you are extremely conscientious about your oral health, you might experience dental pain at some point in your life. And nothing irritates like a toothache. Sometimes you might experience a throbbing dental pain that comes and goes. With dental pain expect several harsh realities, such as gum infection, tooth trauma, a severe sinus infection, cracked tooth among others. In other words, those are some of the reasons you have a toothache. What is dental pain or toothache? One experiences a tooth pain when tooth nerve irritation occurs. Tooth pain can cause physical and emotional stress! Sometimes the pain lasts for a few minutes. This doesn’t mean the problem isn’t serious. It might be as a result of a loose filling, a small area of tooth decay and so on. Visit your dentist before the tooth pain turns into a life-threatening dental concern. The pain might be easy to treat while sometimes it is complicated. Nevertheless, you will have to visit your dentist. With tooth pain is always recommendable to play it safe by consulting a dentist. Many times people ignore tooth pain and leave it untreated. The assumption that it is nothing serious can lead to serious complication in the future. Thus no matter how minor the tooth problem is, you should always visit your dentist.

What causes dental pain and how to get rid of the pain?
  • Tooth Decay
Most cases of dental pain are as a result of tooth decay. For the decay in the tooth to cause toothache it has to reach the dentin (the tooth inner layer). A damaged dentin is very sensitive. Also, cavity may develop! Tooth decay features different degrees of severity! Either cavities or abscess might result to dental pain. While cavity is a hole that penetrates the tooth enamel and dentin, abscess is the tooth nerve and pulp infection. Usually tooth decay results to cavity. With tooth decay both inner and outer layers of the tooth can be affected. That is the enamel and dentin. What causes tooth decay? When carbohydrates stay on your tooth, the mouth bacteria break them down into acids. The acids dissolve the tooth enamel resulting to cavity. If the pain is severe, then the tooth decay is serious. A sharp pain indicates the tooth decay may have damaged the dentin. With such a pain is very hard to carry on with your daily duties. Thus you should visit your doctor as soon as possible. Dental decay can result to serious complication if not treated on time. If you are experiencing a dental pain that is more of a sharp pain and less of an ache, visit your dentist right away. Don’t be nervous! Call you dentist who will examine you to figure out what is the problem.
  • Tooth Abscess
Sometimes tooth decay may advance and infect the tooth root and the surrounding tissue. This may cause greater dental pain and the pain may spread throughout, making it very hard to determine the exact source of the pain. Tooth abscess may result to tissue or bone loss. Therefore one should seek dentist help as soon as possible.
  • Tooth Fractures
Usually tooth cracks as a result of general wear and tear or injury. Due to tooth fractures you might experience erratic pain as you chew food. Also a cracked tooth may become more sensitive when exposed to cold or hot temperatures. How does a fractured tooth result to tooth pain? You can only feel pain in a fracture tooth if the fracture has reached the nerve of the tooth. You may not experience the toothache immediately tooth fracture occurs. But over time you may experience the pain as the damaged tooth worsen. Thus visit your doctor immediately after the fracture. Immediate treatment will deny the damaged tooth a chance to deteriorate.
  • Gum Disease
Also known as periodontal disease occurs when the structures surrounding the tooth are infected. The infection affects the cementum (root cover), gums, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. Such infections can cause tooth pain. Generally, periodontal disease occurs when the inner gums pulls away from the tooth or gingivitis is left untreated, thus creating room for bacteria and food debris. The plaque formed may lead to swollen red gums. We expect nothing from swollen gums but severe dental pain. Gum disease signs and symptoms includes, bleeding gums, swollen gums, red gums, and tooth pain. The disease should be treated as quick as possible to prevent serious mouth infections.
  • Damaged fillings
You may experience tooth pain because of tooth filling or drilling done recently. When biting you might experience sharp sensitive in the affected tooth; it is normal for one to experience sensitivity to cold once a tooth is drilled. But if the same scenario happens when you bite, visit your dentist. The dentist will carry out some adjustment, that way you can chew more evenly. Fractures, grooves and deep pits have to be covered to protect vulnerable tooth parts. This can be termed as dental filling. If the fillings happen to be damaged seek immediate dentist attention to have the damaged fixed to prevent further damage or decay of the affected tooth parts.
  • Temperature sensitivity
If tooth exposure to cold or hot substance causes sharp pain, this means your enamel has worn out leaving the dentin exposed. Worn out enamel can be a result of tooth whitening among dental practices. Use toothpaste for sensitive teeth to protect the exposed dentin from extreme cold or hot temperatures. Also, visit your dentist for further treatment options! Generally, sensitivity signals a minor dental problem. Problems associated to teeth sensitivity includes a loose filling, minor tooth decay, and exposed root surface. If you have a sensitive root surface, proper brushing and flossing is the best solution. Gentle cleaning especially at the gum line keeps your tooth free of bacterial plaque. Use a soft toothbrush and sensitive teeth tooth paste to prevent and treat the sensitive. But in case the sensitivity persists visit your dentist.
  • Improper brushing/flossing
Dental pain can be caused by brushing too hard/aggressively! Brushing too aggressively causes the tooth structure to wear and tear. Improper brushing and flossing leaves your root structure exposed, which may cause sensitivity to extreme temperatures. Although tooth damaged caused by improper brushing can’t be undone, you can fix the problem via the help of the dentist. You should always pay attention to the pressure you are using when brushing or flossing your teeth, something most people disregard. Consult your dentist on tips to brushing your teeth properly.
  • Teeth grinding
Clenching and grinding of teeth is a common practice while sleeping! Teeth grinding is associated to anxiety or stress. It doesn’t come with serious symptoms, but can cause teeth to wear and tear, headache, and eventually toothache. Generally, most people grind their teeth while asleep. Excessive grinding can lead to fractured teeth, sore jaw bones, sore joints, headache among other pains. Also known as bruxism, can be treated by use of a mouth-guard. You can wear the custom mouth-guard while sleeping to prevent teeth fractures in case of teeth grinding.
  • Misaligned teeth
You might have seen cases of misaligned teeth or impacted wisdom teeth. Sometimes misaligned teeth press against each other, and some teeth might be pushed out of the designed line resulting in dental pain. Other instances, the wisdom teeth might fail to push via the gum, which might cause dental pain as the teeth try to break through the gum pushing against the other teeth. If the wisdom teeth become impacted due to lack of room to perfectly emerge via the gum. This results to pain in the jaw and gums. Misaligned teeth can be treated via use of orthodontic treatment, such as braces and Invisalign. Braces and Invisalign treatments helps to straight the teeth. In case of impacted wisdom teeth, you will have to go for surgery. That way they can be fixed! But first the dentist will evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth to determine whether they should be straightened or removed. The best solution depends on how serious the impaction is.
  • Orthodontic alignment systems
Orthodontic treatment can cause dental pain! Uses of retainers, braces among other orthodontic alignment methods can cause dental pain as well as oral discomfort. Usually one experiences pain right after treatment, but after a few days it subsides. If the pain persists you should seek medical attention. The dentist will try to readjust the braces or any other orthodontic appliance to position it in a way that it won’t interfere with your oral activities.

Dental Pain Symptoms

Toothache is a common dental problem! It is usual for one to feel pain from exposure to extreme temperatures and pressure. However, if the pain persists this could be a sign of a serious dental concern. Some signs may be associated to serious dental complications, such as dental decay, and periodontal disease. You might ignore some signs because the tooth seems okay, but to be on the safe side you should always consult a dentist. The signs and symptoms that might lead to seeking dentist care include;
  • Pain with biting and chewing
  • Bleeding gum or discharge around the tooth
  • Trauma or injury
  • Sensitivity to extreme temperatures (hot/cold air and liquids)
  • Swollen jaw or cheek or swelling around the tooth
Generally, dental pain is the first indication that you need to take care of your oral health. The pain starts as the tooth nerves reacts to certain stimuli. What follow is the signs and symptoms that your oral health is at risk of infections and complications. Sometimes the pain or sensitivity may last for a few seconds; this indicates the problem is minor. But in case the last for more than 15 minutes, this is a serious dental problem

When should someone seek medical care for a dental pain?

Most dental problems aren’t emergencies cases. In fact, most dental problems can wait for your dentist appointment. However, in case of dental problems, you should always consult your dentist as soon as possible. What are some of the symptoms or problems that require immediate dental attention?
  • Traumatic
Tooth trauma is one of the dental pain cases. A permanent tooth may be knocked out! You should know that it is possible for such a tooth to be implanted. Thus, call you doctor immediately. A recovered lost tooth should be hold by the chewing edge (crown). And if it is dirty, rinse it in water (tap water) gently without scrubbing. Keep the tooth moist as you await your doctor attention. The best way to keep the tooth moist is placing it on it socket in the mouth. You can also hold it between the gum and cheek moistening it with saliva. You can also store it in milk.
  • Broken tooth
Another cause of dental pain is broken tooth. This is also another problem that needs urgent dentist care. In case of a broken tooth, make arrangement with your dentist as soon as possible. Store the broken tooth piece in a moist cloth.
  • Cavity or dental abscess
You should see you dentist immediately if the pain is severe. With cavity sometimes you might experience fever, painful swelling, pus and other discharges. Such signs mean the cavity has advanced, thus you should seek the dentist help urgently.
  • Gum Disease
Gum swelling or redness requires to be evaluated by your dentist as soon as possible. Gum redness may be symptom of dental abscess, gingivitis, and other dental disease.
  • Jaw pain
Also termed as temporomandibular joint syndrome, is another cause of dental pain that requires urgent dentist attention. Jaw pain may be a result of joint degeneration or inflammation.

Final Verdict

Usually dental pain is caused by teeth or jaws problems. The degree of dental pain varies depending on the cause. Some dental pain cases are easy to treat, while others are complicated. There are dental cases that are treated by just improving your dental hygiene. Some complicated cases may be fixed by surgery. In all the cases of tooth pain, seeing your dentist for evaluation and treatment is the best solution.