Hard Tissue Laser: Gingivectomy

There are several dental processes that dentists do to help people cope with pain, swelling, sensitivity and other kinds of discomfort. One of these is Gingivectomy and it is the main topic discussed in this article.

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gingivectomy

Dental pain free laser

There are several dental processes that dentists do to help people cope with pain, swelling, sensitivity and other kinds of discomfort. One of these is gingivectomy and it is the main topic discussed in this article. It is a dental procedure that is done with a hard tissue laser or old gold standard technique using a traditional dental scalpel. This type of laser is capable of cutting if needed.  Additionally, this type of laser is used in gumline(gingival) recontouring process know as gingivoplasty and when preparing a tooth for composite bonding process. It uses technology that improves precision during treatment. One great quality of a hard tissue laser is that it does not vibrate a lot like the dental drill. Most kinds operate quietly and painlessly. Now we will discuss about gingivectomy in depth.

What is a gingivectomy?

It refers to a surgical operation procedure that removes the gum tissue. It is generally recommended when a patient’s gums have loosened and moved away from the teeth. This creates deep pockets, of course, that make the removal of plaque and tartar complicated. To deal with this problem, an specialized dentist or oral surgeon performs a procedure called gingivectomy before the gum disease attacks your jawbone. It entails the removal and restoration of loose and sickly gum tissue so as to get rid of the deep pockets the disease had caused between teeth and gums.

When pocket walls are removed, calculus (tartar) becomes easily detectable and this allows thorough scaling and planing of the tooth roots. As soon as gingivectomy is successful, gingival healing and restoration of the gumline begins. While the procedure was designed as a cure for periodontal disease, it is now accepted in cosmetic surgery and is used to remove an overgrown gum tissue.  But, gingivectomy should not be confused for gingivoplasty, a process that is used to reshape gums and make them appear more natural. Gingivoplasty can be done during or after gingivectomy or gum graft.

Why is gingivectomy or gingivoplasty necessary?

Gingivectomy or gingivoplasty is needed when you have deep pockets between teeth and gums, mostly, due to presence of periodontitis or periodontal disease. It assists in reducing gingival tissue as well, when it has enlarged to an extent of hiding part of your crown. After undergoing this treatment process, you will get rid of the pain related to infected gums. While surgery was used before, now technology has brought about dental lasers that can remove symptoms of gum disease. A hard tissue laser irradiation, for instance, seals capillaries. A local anesthesia is can be used, although not very necessary, when being treated with the hard tissue laser.  It does not cause pain or discomfort.  Instead, it is minimally invasive. Here are the main reasons why you might want to do gingivectomy.

  • To make your teeth look proportional and beautiful when too much gum tissue is covering them. Gingivectomy will make your teeth longer, but not abnormally long.
  • To remove gingival overgrowth as a reaction to some drugs, including organ transplant drugs, high blood pressure drugs and anti-seizure drugs.
  • To shrink the size of deep gum pockets that promote the accumulation of plaque and tartar, leading to periodontal disease.

Effects of the dental pain free laser 

Dental laser technology is quickly evolving and doctors continue to embrace and use it as a good substitute for surgery.  As laser is a less invasive method of treating loose gums than surgery, recovery is usually simple and quick. There are no sutures needed because the laser energy seals the blood capillaries. You won’t encounter extended periods of soreness and pain either, as the laser is safe. The important thing is to pick the right type of hard tissue laser and the appropriate settings to avoid hurting your teeth and bone. Lasers have different wavelengths and a good dental specialist will know the one to use on you.

When is a pain free dental laser in regards to the gums?

Generally, the procedure begins with the conventional root planing and scaling in order to remove as much bacteria and sickly tissue as possible. After this, your dental specialist will use a local anesthesia to numb your gums. As there is no need to use a surgical scalpel, he or she will use their laser device to treat your aching gums. Lasers treat gums faster and with little to no bruising afterwards. They also provide a great antibacterial effect and when being treated, you can’t feel pain. After the process, the doctor will protect your gums with a surgical dressing to avoid an infection and to promote the healing process. This dressing will be removed after one week or ten days and you will have to continue practicing proper oral hygiene. The only foods you will be allowed to eat are soft meals to avoid hurting your recuperating gum tissue.

How will I know that I need laser gingivectomy?

Obviously, you will need to visit your dental expert first so that he or she can examine your gum tissues. If you have symptoms of periodontitis, the advanced gum disease, you will surely make a good candidate for gingivectomy. Symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding and swollen gums, pain, loose gums that have moved away from teeth and bad breath. Depending on how bad the disease seems, your oral specialist might choose to treat you via surgery or laser. If it’s too advanced, you might not have a better choice than surgery. On the other hand, laser gingivectomy will be preferred if your doctor thinks it will be effective.

At the end of the day, laser will be more comfortable than surgery and will provide the intended results. If you are afraid, ask your dentist enough questions about gingivectomy in general and the pros and cons of the dental pain free laser treatments. As well as trusting your oral surgeon to successfully treat you, also play your role— keep your teeth and gums clean after treatment. Your dentist will offer you some tips to follow when you go home after your gingivectomy treatment. Be sure to honor any appointment your doctor might recommend too, as this will boost the end result.

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