The dental scaling is a process which is performed in order to help the patients who suffer gum disease with excessive build-up caused by plaque. The standard cleaning only addresses a surface of a tooth but the scaling will go even deeper. In case the dentist tells a patient that he should do a tooth scaling, it is better to start by understanding what the procedure is all about.
Getting information about scaling
Scaling is the common procedure for the patient who suffers gum disease. It is a way of cleaning the tooth and to reach to the gum line and to remove the buildup of the plaque. This process of scaling with root planning is known also like a deep cleaning. The treatment is more than just cleaning that the person gets when he goes to annual visit or regular checkup.
Which time is dental scaling important?
Each person may experience a level of plaque buildup from time to another. The protein, bacteria, and saliva in the mouth, will make a thin layer which covers the teeth at every level. Through eating, then tiny particles, sugars, and acid will stick to such film and in this way; it creates the buildup called plaque. Through regular dental cleaning, flossing, and brushing, you can remove the plaque and it will prevent even more serious problem.
When a person has a healthy gum, tissue can fit in a tight manner on the tooth and it keeps plaque away. However, if the gum disease takes place, then the tissue can start forming and the tissue gets loosen up. Healthy gum will attach at the tooth in 1 up to 8 millimeters of the gumline. When someone suffers any gum disease, then he will start to suffer deeper pockets. These are filled with the plaque and it may worsen the problem which may cause the bad breath.
If the tooth pockets are more than 4 millimeters, then a dentist can recommend dental scaling. In order to remove the plaque under the gumline and it helps in treating gum disease.
Periodontal disease can be a result of different things like puberty, pregnancy, genetics and poor oral hygiene. Others are smoking, chewing of tobacco, diabetes, teeth clenching or grinding, poor eating habit and stress. Symptoms that show that you suffer this problem are swollen red gums, receding gum line which makes the tooth to look longer compared to normal, bad taste and bad breath in the mouth, tender gums and bleeding gums. All these problems may make the dentists recommend scaling to stop the problem when it is in the early stage or to deal with the problem in case it has been advanced too much.
The procedure of scaling with root planning
Dental scaling will involve removing of plaque bacteria in a careful manner starting from the surface of the tooth under the gumline. There are two types of scaling the teeth: when the dentist uses the handheld instrument through the use of a metal tooth called curette or dental scaler. A dentist inserts a small tooth within a gum line and this helps to access the plaque if the toothbrush may not reach to it.
On the other hand, a dentist may decide to use ultrasonic instrument while scaling the teeth. This is a vibrating tip which uses cool water spray. A tip will remove the tartar while the water will flush such tartar away.
The dental scaling should be followed by a root planning. A root planning is a procedure which may reach even deeper in order to address the root of the tooth. This is something done in the manner of scaling. The root planning can smooth away the surface of a root and the gums will reattach in the proper way.
What to expect during the scaling
Dental scaling can turn to be uncomfortable mostly with a person who suffers sensitive gums. The dentist can offer a local anesthetic in order to number gum tissue and to make the procedure comfortable. It is time to speak with the dental care provider on the options available in desensitizing of an area in case the patient worries about the discomfort and the pain caused by the procedure.
Dental scaling may require a patient to visit a dentist many times so that he can work on a small portion in the mouth at a time. A dentist may divide the mouth into four quadrants and then he may do the scaling in two different halves. However, when a patient wants, then the dentist may do the scaling with just one visit. This is an option for someone who suffers only moderate gum disease and who is not willing to sit down for a long period.
What happens after scaling?
The mouth can feel sore and also sensitive after the dental scaling and the root planning. There are patients that experience bleeding or swelling for some days of the procedure. A dentist can suggest toothpaste that can desensitize the gum to improve with comfort. The dentist may prescribe the mouthwash which the patient may use afterward. This way the gum remains clean for long. After the procedure, the patient should use the right brushing with flossing procedure in order to stop plaque so that it does not form once again.
A dentist will schedule the second visit to examine the gums. So that he can measure how deep the gum pockets are and it makes sure that the mouth heals faster. When the gum pockets get deeper after the scaling, the dentist may have to try out other treatments to keep up with a healthy smile.
Dental scaling is the common treatment if the patient suffers gum disease. Many people are going through this procedure. So it should not be a problem when a dentist suggests that someone gets the procedure performed. Having dental scaling when required, it will help to fight off unseen plaque. Also it helps in maintaining better health in the mouth.