Dental sealant is also called pit and fissure sealant or just fissure sealants. A sealant is a type of preventative dental treatment which protect teeth from developing caries especially on young children. They are placed on the deep pits and grooves of molar teeth to prevent sugar and bacteria to penetrate in these deep areas.
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Dental sealant is also called pit and fissure sealant or just fissure sealants. A sealant is a type of preventative dental treatment which protect teeth from developing caries especially on young children. They are placed on the deep pits and grooves of molar teeth to prevent sugar and bacteria to penetrate in these deep areas. These pits and fissures are susceptible to tooth decay because it’s hard to clean under these deep areas. The dental sealants ooze into these deep grooves and harden; thus, bacteria and sugar can no longer penetrate inside the tooth. A dental sealant is especially helpful for children who are at high risk of suffering tooth decay; they are placed as soon as their permanent molars erupt.
The dental caries form when there is a disruption of balance between the gain and the loss of the minerals from the tooth surface. The mineral loss from the teeth take place when bacteria in the mouth ferment the foods and turn it into acid. This acidity then starts to deminzeralize the enamel, which is the topmost layer of a tooth. Saliva and fluoride help re-mineralize tooth structure, which is why regular use of fluoridated toothpaste aids in preventing tooth decay. The imbalance results when fermentable carbohydrates or poor oral hygiene outweigh fluoride use and salivary flow. This causes the continuous loss with no gain of the minerals over time which results in tooth decay.
The fissure sealant is a preventive procedure which is used as minimal invasive method in dentistry. This approach facilitates the prevention and the early intervention to stop and to prevent the formation of dental caries. The aim of the fissure sealant is to prevent or arrest the development of dental caries. The sealant acts as a physical barricade that protects the natural tooth surface that have deep grooves; it inhibits the buildup of the bacteria which tend to get trapped in the grooves and fissures. Fissure sealant creates a smoother surface which facilitates cleaning. Dentists, dental hygienists and most dental assistants are able to place the sealants.
The reasons of using the dental sealant
Dental sealant is resin-based and plastic-like in nature once it hardens. It is placed in the fissures or pits of the permanent or primary molar or premolar teeth found on the back of the mouth. Molar teeth are most susceptible to dental decay because of their complex anatomy, which makes it easy for plaque to accumulate in hard to reach areas.
Even with a thorough oral hygiene routine, some people can still develop cavities. Some people are prone to the caries because of the structure and shape of the teeth. The dentist may recommend preventative sealants to prevent people with high-caries risk and deep grooves from developing cavities.
The dentist may not necessarily suggest sealants to every patient and but are recommended on most young children with developing molars. This includes the children who still have their baby teeth. The sealant is designed to fill up the deep pits with the grooves of the molars which are susceptible to the caries since they can trap the food particles on such areas of the teeth. The sealant can protect the tooth against the cavities by protecting the grooves from housing bacteria and sugar.
Applying the sealant before any decay starts will block the bacteria
Does getting a dental sealant cause dental pain?
It is understandable if the patient is nervous before a dental procedure especially if they have no prior experience with said procedure. Resins are applied in liquid form and oozed into the grooves of the tooth. A dental curing light is then used to harden the sealant. This process takes only a few minutes and is one of the easiest procedures in dentistry!
How long the sealant last?
When the sealant is applied, it may last over ten years as long as it is well-maintained. It may wear off over time, in which a new sealant can easily be replaced.
The dentist is going to check on the integrity of the sealants every time he performs a recall exam. He can reapply the sealant if it is wearing faster compared to the usual. This is to ensure that the teeth are protected at all times.
The patients have to keep in mind that the sealant is not the only method that they can use to prevent cavities. Ideal oral hygiene is still crucial to prevent the formation of tooth decay. When the child is prone to cavities, he can protect the teeth by using fluoride rich toothpaste.
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