Dentist 77002 Midtown Dentist Near Me | Different types of Dentist

Different Types of Dental Professionals And What They Can Do To Help You

One thing that enhances your facial appearance is your smile. If your teeth are straight, perfectly arranged and white, your smile will be nice to look at.  Maintaining beautiful teeth and gum health is more than just brushing and flossing. You also need to visit a dentist in midtown to have your mouth examined and issues treated before they could worsen. One thing you should know is that dentistry has many fields and each field has specialists who have been trained to tackle certain dental problems. In this article, we will discuss different types of dentists, and their fields, so that you can identify the doctor you need to see.
General Dentist

General dentists provide a number of different services to persons of all ages. They often do a through dental checkup that includes gums, teeth and surrounding structures. In addition, they do professional teeth cleaning to keep your teeth whiter.  If any issues are found, they are either treated by a general dentist or referred to another dental pain professional. Here are the general dentistry services they offer:

  • Restorative services – The most common restorative treatment offered by general dentists is the removal of tooth decay and dental filling placement. They can also diagnose and cure gum disease, replace missing teeth and install dental crowns and bridges.
  • Preventive services – General dentists are able to stop a dental issue before it worsens. They do this via regular dental exams using x-rays and other tests. Professional teeth cleanings are also provided as a means of preventing tooth decay and gum disease. Moreover, these dentists provide oral hygiene tips and may offer sealants and a mouthguard for home oral care.
  • Cosmetic dental procedures – General dentistry involves cosmetic procedure too, and these are done to improve the smile. The most commonly done procedures include teeth whitening, invisalign or other braces, veneers and cosmetic bonding.

Note that general dentists are trained to identify other diseases that can cause dental problems, and can refer you to the right professionals.  Lastly, a general midtown dentist can offer advice about nutrition and help you quit smoking.


Endodontists treat your tooth pulp that is found beneath your enamel. A tooth pulp consists of small canals that extend from the crown to the root.  It also has blood vessels and nerve. When there is tooth decay that destroys the contents of the pulp, you will feel pain. The best action to take is to see an endodontist who will perform a root canal therapy on you.  Endodontists are some of the most recognized dental specialists. Their field, endodontics, is acknowledged by the ADA(American Dental Association). Endontists complete their bachelor degree and enroll in postgraduate studies for two to three years. Licensed in the state, endodontists never stop learning.

While they are not the only dentists who can perform root canals, endodontists treat soft tissue issues better than other dentists. To be able to offer the best treatment services, these experts use modern technology and devices like digital imaging systems, microscopes, ultrasonic equipment and fiber optics.  Most general dentists refer their cases to endodontics that are also trained to do apicoectomies to remove infected tissue from the tip of a tooth’s root. If a root canal treatment has failed, these specialists can repeat the whole procedure. Dental trauma caused by a serious injury is best treated by an endodontist.

Cosmetic dentist

This professional often fixes a bad smile. So, pick a midtown dentistry expert who provides a wide range of cosmetic dentistry services. Once you select the right professional, you will improve the appearance of your teeth. Whether you have crooked teeth, cracked, chipped or fractured teeth, teeth stains, small gaps, or overcrowded teeth, you need the services of a professional cosmetic dentist.  They will make use of dental appliances and substances to enhance your smile. If you have teeth staining, there are several whitening methods, including KOR and laser that can be used to clean your teeth.  If you have bent teeth, your dentist 77002 can use clear braces or any other kind to straighten your teeth.

If you have gaps between teeth, your oral dentist can use bridges to close them. Moreover, veneers can be used to fix your dental chips and cracks or to hide teeth stains. Cosmetic dentists can also make your gums shapelier and therefore improve the appearance of your face. This works for people with a gummy smile that makes them feel embarrassed.  There is a special dental laser that performs a gum reshaping procedure and another one that treats gum recession.


People have different dental problems and that’s why dentistry is a broad field. Periodontists are yet another group of dental professionals that treat specific issues. These concern themselves with gum problems and other structures that keep our teeth well-supported. Hence, they can recognize gingivitis (early gum disease) signs and act before the disease progresses to the more complicated periodontal disease. Also called periodontitis, periodontal disease is the advanced gum disease and can affect the bone underneath your gum tissue. Also called the plastic surgeons of dentistry, periodontists can use different methods to reshape your gum’s soft tissue and jaw bone. They work to restore your smiles and maintain disease-free gums.

If you didn’t know, gum disease is the leading cause of teeth loss in adults. Thus, keeping your gums healthy is really important. Periodontists are recognized by the ADA and are educated people with a four-year bachelor’s degree qualification plus a three-year post-graduate training in periodontology. While you can visit your general dentist every six months for dental checkup and cleanings, this may not fully help your gums. That’s where a periodontist’s service comes in.

They can perform deep teeth cleanings( scaling and root planing) as the most basic method of removing gum disease. If this doesn’t work, periodontists can do a minor gum surgery and open a tiny flap in your gum tissue to enable the removal of the infected pockets and bacteria. Also called pocket reduction surgery, minor surgery is the most effective treatment for advanced gum disease. Sometimes laser therapy can be performed prior to surgery.


This dentist is known to install braces. However, they are trained to perform other dental processes, and are recognized by the American Dental Association. They know how to correct teeth and jaws that have gone out of their natural positions. In other words, orthodontists are trained on how to correct the bite. Concerning their education level, orthodontists are graduates from accredited dental colleges and have extra 2 years of training in diagnosis, prevention, interception and bite correction.  Additionally, these dental experts can diagnose neuromascular and skeletal abnormalities of the orofacial structures. 

Acknowledged by professional associations and state boards, orthodontists are very good at treating malocclusions or bite issues. These can include crowded teeth or crooked or misaligned teeth. As well, malocclusions are known to occur when the upper and lower jaws can’t sit on each other perfectly due to different reasons. These specialists use different devices, including braces, clear aligners, and detachable devices to correct the bite and solve other dental matters. They play a big role in creating an overall treatment plan for patients who suffer from malocclusions, including the use of a headgear and palatal expanders. 

Kids who are at least seven years old can start seeing an orthodontist.  If adjustments need to be made to dental appliances’ components or other devices, orthodontists are the most appropriate professionals to use. If you have bite issues, misaligned teeth or crowded teeth, the best thing to do is to see an orthodontist.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

These are some of the most recognized dentists. They are among the most educated dental specialists too, as they spend four years in dental school and another four in a residency program for surgery at a hospital. Trained along with other medical students in the residency program, oral and maxillofacial surgery specialists are taught general surgery, emergency medicine and anesthesiology. In the whole of the health care industry, it’s just oral and maxillofacial surgeons and anesthesiologists who can administer general anesthesia and all levels of sedation.

Moreover, they focus on treating issues affecting hard and soft tissues of the mouth, upper and lower jaws and face. Most of the cases they tackle are referred to them by a general dentist and they perform more invasive dental procedures. These include tooth extractions, and wisdom tooth extractions. For instance, these specialists do a minor surgery to remove an impacted wisdom tooth or a wisdom tooth that didn’t erupt at all or erupted just partially. Corrective jaw surgery is another type of invasive procedure done by oral and maxillofacial surgeons and it is done to align a misaligned bite. 

Moreover, these surgeons perform special surgical treatments to correct birth defects or congenital abnormalities or to eliminate skeletal or serious orthodontic disorders. Performed under general anesthesia, this surgical process entails reshaping of facial and jaw bones and re-alignment of jaws and teeth. Cleft lip or palate surgery is also done by oral and maxillofacial surgery specialists to alter facial structure changes caused by the cleft lip birth defect.  Bone grafting, obstructive sleep apnea, facial pain, oral cancers and removal of lesions are all tackled by oral and maxillofacial surgeons.


This is a dental specialist who knows how to restore and replace lost or damaged teeth. Also known as architects of the smile, prosthodontists are so well-educated that they understand how to treat gums, lips, facial features and teeth to restore a lovely smile. They often lead a group of dental specialists when performing a major cosmetic dental procedure to restore a smile. They have a four-year qualification obtained from a dental school and three more years of advanced training at a graduate program that is recognized by ADA.

They also boast several hours of clinical experience and practical skills. Mostly they bond porcelain veneers to natural teeth after having a small potion of their enamel shaved off. Veneers can alter the shape, size, color and gaps between teeth.  Prosthodontists also do crown placements to replace the whole visible surface of your tooth (crown). There are various types of dental crowns that dental experts use and they pick the ones that are most suitable for you.  They also fix bridges to close gaps between teeth as well as implants and dentures.

Dental emergencies

There are several issues that could be reported as dental emergences. These include a painful tooth, knocked out tooth, aching or swollen gum, jaw pain, teeth fractures, and dental abscesses.  Emergency dentists are able to perform root canals, tooth extractions, temporary dental crown placements, dental fillings, dental cleanings, and other restoration procedures. It is necessary to get in touch with a midtown Houston dentist who has an emergency wing that operates even at night.

Pediatric dentists

These are trained to help children who have dental issues. They can treat very small kids who have just had their baby teeth or older kids with dental caries, crowded teeth or other problems. If you want your child to have stronger and healthier permanent teeth, introduce them to their dentist right now.  If they meet their pediatric dentist right now, you will never have to force yourself to remember their dental history. Their dentist will track all their dental problems from their youngest age until they are teenagers.

Selecting the right dentist

So far you know various types of dentists you can seek help from. Now you need to know how to pick the best one for your needs.  The first thing you should consider is the dentist’s level of education. If they have proper training in their field of specialization, pay them a visit at their dental office. Make sure it is clean, orderly and well-equipped. If you notice these qualities, it is an indication that the dentist in question is a serious professional.  Pay attention to the dental appliances and equipment displayed in the room. If tools are in a sealed bag, this indicates that the tools are properly sterilized before storage. On the other hand, if a bag is not sealed, it is possible that you are getting treated with tools that contain another patient’s germs. Finally, feel free to talk about your dental issues and also asking questions.