Wisdom teeth are a type of molar and always the final teeth to erupt. They are the last and large molars (third molars) on each side of the lower and upper jaws. Wisdom teeth normally erupt when an individual is in his or her late teens or early twenties. Though, some individuals may never have any wisdom teeth at all. Wisdom teeth are not necessary for having a beautiful and healthy smile. In fact, wisdom teeth can cause harm to your dental health.
Sometimes, when a wisdom tooth is erupting, there may not be enough room in their gum for the proper growth and alignment of the wisdom tooth. Hence, the wisdom tooth may only partially erupt from the gum or it may erupt in an awkward angle. In such a case, the wisdom tooth is referred to as impacted wisdom tooth and it may cause dental pain or bacterial infection. To prevent this, the impacted wisdom tooth is extracted.
Why Take Out The Wisdom Teeth?
You may wonder why the wisdom teeth should be extracted since they are also a type of teeth. It is good to know that the wisdom teeth can be extracted due to any of the following reasons:
. If the wisdom teeth are impacted. Since wisdom teeth erupt at the far back of the mouth, they may not erupt normally. Instead, they may be trapped in the gum or jawbone and cause pains.
. If the wisdom teeth come out in a wrong angle. When the wisdom teeth erupt in a wrong angle, they may press against your other teeth and this may cause pain.
. If the mouth is not big enough. There may not be enough room in the jaw to accommodate an extra set of molars – the wisdom teeth.
. If the mouth is infected with gum disease or dental cavities, it may be difficult to reach the wisdom teeth with the toothbrush during teeth brushing.
Wisdom teeth removal is a painful process. And also, the extracting of the impacted wisdom tooth is followed with pains, swelling and discomfort, which are a normal part of the healing process. However, your dentist should give you local anaesthesia or a sedative to calm you down. With the anaesthesia, you shouldn’t experience any pain during the extraction. Although, you may hear some scratching sounds and feel some pressure on your jaw during the extraction, which are all normal.
Any pain, swelling, or discomfort that you may experience after wisdom teeth removal dependent on several factors which can be grouped into either patient factors or treatment factors.
These are factors that relate to the patient who received the wisdom teeth extraction Houston. These factors include medical status, smoking, and fearful expectations. For instance, a patient who smokes or has chronic diseases like uncontrolled diabetes stands the chance of having an impaired wound healing and prolonged healing time. This condition may lead to increase pain and discomfort.
Also, patients who are well-informed tend to show better postoperative coping skills, which decrease the risk of postoperative complications. It is recommended to extract the wisdom teeth before the patient gets to the age of 30. This is because older patients have higher chances of developing postoperative complaints.
These factors include the type and extensiveness of the wisdom teeth removal treatment and the treatment time. Some wisdom teeth extraction Houston can be conducted without surgery. This non-surgical treatment will cause limited wound and less pain and discomfort. Some wisdom teeth extractions are conducted surgically due to anatomic variations. Therefore, this type of treatment will cause some manipulations to the gum tissues and jawbone) need to be manipulated. As a result, the patient would experience a prolonged healing time, which may significantly increase the level of pain, swelling, and discomfort.
More so, longer treatment time, especially with surgical treatment, may cause increased postoperative effects. Although the pain and discomfort may vary from patients to patients, it is normal to experience a level of pain after wisdom teeth removal.
Immediately after the extraction, your dentist would add gauze on the treatment site. You may remove the gauze from your mouth after about half an hour and discard it. You may experience slight bleeding afterward.
Generally, surgical wisdom teeth removal produces pain, discomfort, facial swelling, and limited mouth opening. These signs and symptoms should go away after 3 to 6 days otherwise consult your dentist immediately. To reduce the postoperative pains, pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol can be used. You can also consult your dentist for the right medical prescription.
If you are given a local anaesthesia or IV sedation before the wisdom teeth removal, you may need to remain in the recovery room for close to an hour for the local anaesthesia to wear off or to recover from the sedating effect before you can go back home in the company of your friend, family member, or driver. However, you should be able to drive yourself home after a few minutes of recovery if you had laughing gas. Sometimes, you may experience nausea and vomiting as the anaesthesia wears off.
Other things to know about the wisdom teeth removal recovery period
. Expect postoperative pain immediately after the anaesthetic wears off. This may be relieved by any prescribed pain reliever.
. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics.
. For the next 24 hours, avoid rinsing your vigorously. But after 24 hours, you can rinse your mouth about 5 to 6 times daily with warm salt water.
. Brush your teeth gently around the treatment site.
. You may experience sore throat, fever, pains when swallowing, the stiffness of your jaw muscles, and dizziness.
. Avoid using straw take drinks.
. Eat soft foods and chew with the other side of your mouth.
. Drink lots of water or soft drinks, but avoid hot drinks.
. As much as possible, avoid strenuous exercise and smoking.
If you wish, you may take a week off work, though this is not compulsory. Most patients can return to work on the same day but must avoid any strenuous activity. There may be complications if the blood clot on the affected mouth part is displaced or disturbed. In case you experience any on-going problems, contact your dentist fast.
URBN Dental specializes in wisdom teeth removal in Houston. We have professional and well-experienced dentists who will make the wisdom teeth removal process as painless and easy as possible. Contact us today for a wisdom teeth extraction well done.