Laser dentistry is the use of lasers for carrying out a lot of dental processes in order to fix many dental problems. It is used for many dental procedures like treating hypersensitivity, tooth decay, gum disease, teeth whitening and so on. Lasers have contributed a lot to cost effective, comfortable and more efficient dental treatments.
Laser dentistry has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an effective choice in treating various dental conditions. It has been used by many dentists to provide treatments at a high accuracy, reduce pain as well as recovery period. Some of its benefits include minimization of bleeding because the laser beam helps in clotting unconcealed blood vessels, minimization to the damage of neighbouring tissues, quicker healing of wounds, minimization of bacterial infections because the high-energy beam disinfects the treatment area, and so on.
Types of Dental Lasers
A lot of hard and soft tissue lasers have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of some dental conditions in both adults and children. Since they possess exceptional absorption characteristics, they are used for carrying out special dental processes.
Hard Tissue Lasers
Hard tissue lasers are used for penetrating tooth structure because they possess a wavelength that is easily absorbable by water and hydroxyapatite, a calcium phosphate salt present in teeth and bone. Examples are Erbium YAG as well as Erbium chromium YSGG. They are very effective in cutting into teeth and bone with utmost accuracy. They are usually used to shape the teeth for composite bonding, repair deteriorated dental fillings and remove little amounts of the structure of the teeth.
Soft Tissue Lasers
Soft tissue lasers help for managing soft tissues because they possess a wavelength that is easily absorbable by water and hemoglobin. Examples are diode lasers as well as Neodymium YAG and they usually help as part of periodontal treatment. They also have the capability of destroying bacteria and activating the regeneration of tissues.
In addition, soft tissue lasers cut through soft tissues and seal up blood vessels as well as nerve endings. That is why it is not common to see patients with post-operative pains after their use. They are widely in use in many cosmetic processes in dentistry for gingival sculpting processes. Some technology in Laser dentistry have advanced to the point that surgeons can generate both hard and soft tissue laser energy based on your need.
Furthermore, apart from lasers surgeons use to cut and shape soft and hard tissues, there are others that specially help to view the interior parts of the teeth as well as cells. There are other lasers that give energy as well as certain proteins for the purpose of transferring messages from one cell to another. So that the natural ability of the body to make use of light spectrum in healing destroyed cells will match.
Hard Tissue Procedures
Laser dentistry using low intensity lasers can help in detecting cavities early through the provision of a by-products reading of a tooth decay.
Dental Fillings/Tooth Preparation
Hard tissue lasers have the capability of eliminating the use of local anesthetics as well as the conventional dental drill. They help in dental filling processes thereby destroying bacteria found in cavities in order to boost long-term restoration of the teeth. However, it is important to note that dental lasers are not ideal for replacing amalgam fillings, crowns as well as onlays.
Laser dentistry is ideal for sealing tubules, which locates on the tooth’s root, as these tubules are liable for cold and hot sensitivity of the teeth.
Soft Tissue Procedures
Dental lasers can help reshaping the gum tissue as well as bone so that surgeons can expose healthier tooth structure. This reshaping, also popular as crown lengthening, will give rise to a solid foundation for restorations to place.
Dental surgeons can also reshape gum tissues so that they can expose healthy tooth structure. This will go a long way in improving the manifestation of a gummy smile.
Muscle Attachment (Frenula)
A laser frenectomy can help to treat children and adults with tongue restrictions. And infants who are finding it difficult to breastfeed because of restricted tongue movement. It can also help in treating speech impediments.
Soft Tissue Folds (Epulis)
Dentist surgeons can remove tissue folds brought about by non-suitable dentures in a painless, suture-free manner with dental lasers.
Viewing Tooth and Gum Tissues
Seeing the interior part of the teeth and gums has been easier and safer with Optical Coherence Tomography.
Surgeons can remove benign tumors from palates, gums, lips and sides of cheeks. In a painless, suture-free manner with dental lasers.
By using low density lasers pains linked to cold sores can be lessen which leads to reduction in recovery time.
Doctors can regenerated destroyed nerves, scars and blood vessels through photobiomodulation.
If sleep apnea occurs from tissue overgrowth in the throat. Doctors can can use uvuloplasty or laser assisted uvula palatoplasty to give the throat a new shape. And correct the breathing problems.
Low intensity lasers can quickened the bleaching process of teeth whitening.
Temporomandibular Joint Treatment
A dental laser can reduce the pain as well as inflammation of the temporomandibular jaw joint.
The Future of Dental Lasers
The future of dental lasers is bright with the possibility of contributing to improved dental procedures. Laser technology has been in use in the medical sector for many years and the rate of its use will definitely go up in the nearest future, especially as its cost decreases. Dentists can use laser dentistry to replace root planing with laser cleaning, dental drill with Optical Coherence Tomography. And this will go a long way in reducing the fear and anxiety of many dental patients. Technological advancement has change the way we do things. And there is no doubt that lasers have brought new ways of undergoing dental procedures.