When it comes to placing the dental implants, then there are cases. There may be too much bone loss or there is too much time that had passed from the time of the tooth loss. This will lead to a narrow bone and remaining ridge bone may not secure the implants properly. In such situation, you need to augment the bone in a separate procedure before using implants. You can call this as the ridge augmentation. When you add the bone, then you will get a membrane and the time for the bone graft for integration. When you finish the integration, you can implant new bone.
What is it a ridge augmentation?
Ridge augmentation is a surgery which is performed after the tooth extraction. It helps to reconstruct the natural jawline and natural gum. The ridge augmentation may shape the jaw in order to treat bone loss which had been associated with the tooth extraction and other dental condition. The bone loss most of the time takes place if there is a periodontal disease and medical condition which will deteriorate the integrity of a jawbone. The alveolar ridge, called alveolar margins is two jaw ridges which may contain the alveoli of a tooth. Alveolus acts like a small socket and it holds up the root of a tooth.
When a tooth is lost, then alveolar is open and it gets filled by natural tissues. If a person loses the tooth or when the tooth gets removed, the alveoli can break and it cannot heal alone. For a person to get a dental implant, then a person should have a healthy bone that supports an implant.
The ridge augmentation may help in shaping and contouring of jawline and gum. Also it can help to achieve what it had been before removing the tooth and alveoli to be damaged. After ridge augmentation, then the bone will be healthy and it will support better future implant.
How the ridge augmentation takes place
The ridge augmentation procedure is done by placing the bone graft and tissue in the void that was created by a missing tooth. This procedure creates a healthy base for the dental implants. In many cases, if you extract the tooth, a dentist will do ridge augmentation in order to avoid cases of bone loss. You need to place grafting material in alveolus and suture the gums carefully on the alveolus in order to promote better healing. The tissue and bone graft material will grow in the alveolus and it can fill the empty space while promoting the right bone density for the future dental implant. If the socket head healed with the ridge augmentation, you may prepare the alveolar ridge in order to receive a dental implant. Dentists mostly do the ridge augmentation procedure in the office by using local anesthesia that reduces any discomfort.
Why you need a ridge augmentation to do dental implant
For someone to get the dental implants, he needs to have the right healthy bone to act as a base which supports dental implants. For someone who does not have the right bone or enough bone density, then ridge augmentation may help in achieving a strong base for the future dental implant. The bone density is required for the dental implants and it helps to undergo the right osseointegration. This is a process for the dental implants to bond securely and to adhere at a living jawbone. A dental implant will act like a root of a tooth and it will need enough bone density in order to fasten at the jaw.
Who is the right candidate to get ridge augmentation?
The best candidate to get ridge augmentation is a person who suffers missing teeth or who got the teeth removed surgically while waiting to get the implants. If a patient has damaged and broken alveoli, he can benefit from the ridge augmentation that will fill the empty cavities using a bone graft. In case the doctor hesitates to install dental implants because of low bone density or lack of the bone, in this case, the ridge augmentation will be the next option.
What to expect during ridge augmentation
There are two phases in the alveolar ridge or bone preservation during or after the tooth extraction. You cannot do every extraction in the same way; this is why you need an oral surgeon or extraction expert to do this. The first step is to get rid of the tooth by trying the best in preserving the fragile bone. The second step is to do everything in order to prevent the collapse of a socket. To do this, you need to add the bone replacement material into the extracted site. You can call this as ridge preservation and socket preservation with bone grafting.
You need to do the procedure at once after extracting the tooth. It will help in preserving the bone on extraction site and to prepare it to get future implant placement. An area of a jaw bone may hold the tooth in the place known as tooth socket. Preservation of a bone volume with the shape, it is important for the stability of the implant with the aesthetic. If you extract a tooth, then a supporting bone starts to melt. When you go through the ridge augmentation immediately after the extraction, it helps to prevent bone loss.
When you extract the tooth with enough care and make sure to leave socket bone intact. This will clean and then debride the socket where the tooth was. You need to insert a specially prepared cadaver bone graft in the socket. It can help to keep it in one place with small collagen plug where a socket sutures it. Collagen plug will fall out in a week. So in few weeks, new alveolar bone will replace it accomplishing the ridge preservation. In four months of the grafting, you need to evaluate the site to see if you can install the implants. When the bone is enough, then you can prepare yourself to get an implant.