Tooth Extraction Trauma
Teeth are very important part of your mouth. You need them to speak, chew, smile, and other functions. Beautiful teeth are key to making an incredible first impression. A great oral hygiene routine and attending the follow-up visits to the dentist helps to maintain and improve your oral health, but sometimes dental issues may arise and it might be so severe that you will need to extract a tooth.
Tooth extraction can be traumatic to every part of your mouth from the gums to the surrounding tissues. In these accident or trauma situations including sport events one needs to be careful. Although some extraction procedures are very simple as they require wiggling the tooth and removing it from the socket using forceps, they can cause swelling of the gum and mirror irritations as well as pain and discomfort.
However, in case of complicated extractions, you will have to go for more intensive process that requires you gum tissues to be cut to ease the access of the entire tooth. Other extractions may require the removal of bone. During the tooth extraction process accidental damages may occur. Lets us discuss why tooth extraction can be so traumatic to your gum and other parts of the mouth.
Why do you need tooth extraction? Why tooth extraction can be traumatic to your gum and surrounding tissues?
When a tooth decays or breaks such that it can’t be restored by use of dental fillings, crown and other orthodontic treatments one may have to extract it. There are several reasons that the tooth maybe extracted such as severe damage, infection, and others
Some tooth extraction cases may require part of the bone tissues to be extracted. As a result, the surrounding tissues and teeth maybe traumatized. Each and every tooth requires a strong bone for support. Also the bone should be large enough to provide the strength and support needed. Interfering with the bone tissues may cause the teeth to stay loosely rooted in the sockets. In other words, once part of the bone is removed, the support is comprised. In addition, removal of bone may lead to the roots of the surrounding teeth being exposed, which can lead to sensitivity to extreme temperatures.
Sometimes during a trauma process, accidental damages may occur; the gums and the surrounding teeth maybe damaged. In fact, tooth extractions can traumatized other parts of your mouth, thus if your dentist thinks tooth extraction is the only solution, then it might be because the pros outweighs the cons.
Who is more susceptible to tooth extraction trauma?
Tooth extraction is always the last solution. If your tooth has decayed or fractured you dentist may attempt to fix it using crowns or fillings, but sometimes the restoration methods may not work, and the only solution left is extracting the tooth.
Most cases of tooth decay and fractures can be avoided. If only you could take could care of your teeth maybe you won’t end up losing them. Floss and brush your teeth regularly, visit your dentist regularly for checks, avoid using your teeth as bottle opener, pliers or scissors, avoiding biting/chewing non-food objects, wear mouth-guards when playing contact sports or when sleeping if you have a habit of grinding your teeth. Otherwise if your don’t make these practices a habit you might end up being more susceptible to tooth extraction trauma as your teeth get extracted due to untreatable decay or unfixable fracture.
When extensive tooth decay damages every part of the tooth including the pulp, the dentist may recommend tooth extraction. Sometimes a broken tooth can’t be fixed with fillings or crowns, especially when the tooth has broken off at the gum line, and the dentist will have to extracted it.
Tooth extraction procedure – can the procedure go wrong?
Apart from decay and fractures, a tooth can also be removed to create room for new tooth (removal of baby teeth). However, In this case, the process can be quite simple and trauma cases are very rare. When a tooth is severely damaged, most dentists will try to fix it through root canal, but what happens if the tooth can not be saved? The dentist will have to extract it. There two types of procedure for tooth extraction; simple tooth extraction procedure and surgical extraction procedure.
Simple procedure involves removal of the tooth without the use of surgical tools. The procedure is quite simple, especially in case of loose baby teeth. A tooth that is above the gum line can easily be removed using forceps instruments and traditional elevator. Generally, the tooth structure (hard tissues) should be above the gum line making it very easy to grasp. In addition, the root should be in good condition and straight. In such a case, this simple procedure is recommendable. This procedure is also recommendable if the teeth are overcrowded. It can be a great way to straighten the teeth. However, if the tooth is severely damaged, and lies beneath the gum line it will be very difficult to extract it through simple procedure.
When is the surgical procedure necessary? If the tooth is broken beneath the gum line or severely damaged, then you the dentist might recommend surgical extraction. Even if the tooth is above the gum line, some surgical procedures might be required to extract it. Nevertheless, surgical procedure is recommendable if the tooth is severely damaged, infected or hard to restore. The procedures involves anesthetic, incision and flap elevation, releasing periodontal ligament fibers, , placing a safety net, sectioning the tooth, and loosening and elevating the tooth.
Normally after tooth extraction, you may experience tenderness for few days, slight bleeding, mild swelling, wound healing in a week or two, and finally tissues and bone filling in the next few months. However, sometimes tooth extraction procedure might go wrong and the surrounding teeth and gum may end up affected. Tooth extraction may lead to fractured jaw, nerve injuries, numbness of the gum, infections, and severe pain. These are normal risks when having a tooth extracted or in cases of possible trauma or sport accidents.
What are the symptoms of tooth extraction trauma?
During a case of possible trauma or a sport accident or even possible surgical extractions some of these events can occur:
- Numbness of the gum, lip, face, tongue or chin
- Sharp pain in the jaw or face
- Difficulty eating, smiling or talking