Dental polishing is used for the prevention of many problems associated with the teeth. It is a dental procedure that boosts your dental health and causes your teeth to be whiter and stain-free. If handled by a competent professional, it has the capacity of enhancing your smile as well as self confidence.
Objectives of Dental polishing
In times past, dental polishing was carried out as a routine process in dental prophylaxis. But when it was discovered that its overuse has the capacity of eroding the outer part of your teeth, it was then removed from the routine care list. If outer part of your teeth is lost, it will lead to vulnerability to stains and plaque will easily accumulate on them. Excessive use of the procedure can also lead to the removal of the defensive fluoride layer that surrounds your teeth. In today’s world, before you are made to go through the procedure, a painstaking case selection will be carried out by your dentist.
Advantages of Dental polishing
Apart from polishing your teeth, dental polishing can be used to get rid of plaque, stains as well as microorganisms that are formed on your tooth surface. Tooth polishing is more advantageous than deep teeth cleaning, also known as tooth scaling, because you won’t experience any pain during the process. You will also get smooth, spotless teeth immediately after going through the procedure.
Types of Dental polishing
There are various types of dental polishing and some of them are here below.
In the course of most dental surgeries, dentists lay bare the cementum protecting the tooth root. Therapeutic dental polishing helps in removing endotoxins and microflora from the cementum’s surface.
This helps in removing plaque as well as depthless dental stains. It makes use of superfine smoothing agents to make the outer layer that covers the tooth crown (enamel) glossy. Dentists polish the surface of the enamel to an intensity that will make it to reverberate visible light.
Superficial polishing helps for polishing the tooth crown. It has supposed curative advantages and is usually helps to enhance the teeth’s aesthetic appearance.
Also known as selective polishing, selective stain elimination or extrinsic stain elimination, selection polishing is another type of polishing available in dentistry. Dentists usually recommend it after a scaling process so that they can take off leftover stains.
Which Type of Stains Can Tooth Polishing Remove?
There are two major types of dental stains – exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous stains can be found on the external part of your teeth and are usually caused by smoking and poor dental hygiene. On the other hand, endogenous stains are found on the inner part of the teeth and are usually brought about by specific dental defects like enamel hyploplasia among others. Only exogenous stains can be removed by polishing while the procedure is not ideal for endogenous stains.
It is very important to note that your dentist should use an appropriate method at the time of the procedure so that he minimizes the wearing down of the tooth. Furthermore, your dental hygienist should not use a rough polishing agent in order to get the best result. It is also important to monitor the speed and pressure of the polishing tool as well as the period that the procedure lasted.
Application of the Prophylaxis Paste
The part of the surface of your teeth that require polishing will be applied with prophylaxis paste. Pastes with bulkier particle sizes have the potency of getting rid of external stains as well as plaque. Some practitioners in dentistry prefer these pastes because they get rid of stains quickly and efficiently. However, it is essential to note that these pastes can bring about tooth structure loss because they possess a very excessive abrasive strength.
On the other hand, prophylaxis pastes with tinier particle sizes have the ability of making the surface of the teeth to be smooth, lustrous and clean. They also have the ability of making the surface of the teeth less exposed to stain accumulation and plaque. Using these pastes for tooth polishing can be burdensome and time-consuming.
Factors That Make Dental polishing More Effective
In order for a tooth polishing to be more effective, some factors must be considered. Dentist must consider the per-minute rotation of the polishing instrument (e.g. runner cap) as well as the roughness of the prophylaxis paste. It is also vital to consider the rubber cup pressure on the surface of the tooth at the time of polishing.
At the initial stage, a coarse abrasion should be used for polishing before a fine abrasion is used. The progressive switch from coarser to finer scraping will lead to scratches which are not up to 0.5 mcm in size. The diameter of these scratches is not up to the wavelength of visible light, which makes the surface of the tooth to look lustrous and shiny. It is also important to select the abrasive agent carefully because the hardness of the agent should not be more than the hardness of the polished surface.
Dental polishing Instruments
There are many tooth polishing devices. They can either be manual or automatic. Manual devices are operated with the hands. While automatic devices are engine-driven for polishing purposes. Examples of manual polishing instruments include porte publisher, polishing strips and so on. Automatic polishing devices include air-powder polisher, rubber cups and so on.
The vector system of polishing makes use of polishing fluids for the purpose of polishing the surface of the tooth. It is more advantageous than other methods. Because it brings about little or no injury to the structure of the tooth. Some of the fluids used for this method include silicon carbide abrasive fluid, hydroxyapatite polishing fluid and so on.
Dental polishing is an ideal procedure to boost the appearance of your teeth. However, there is need for you to maintain an ideal dental hygiene. So that your teeth will be in a good, healthy state at all times.