Dental polishing is a method used to prevent several dental issues. It helps to boost dental health and makes the teeth clean and white. The procedure should be done by a qualified dentist for effective results.
Dental polishing objectives
Dental polishing was done as a routine process in prophylaxis in the past. But when the method was discovered that its use can erode the enamel part, it was removed from routine hygiene list. If you lose the outer part of the teeth, you will be vulnerable to plaque, stains, and buildup. If the procedure is done several times, it will remove the fluoride layer that protects the teeth. Today, before you go through the polishing procedure, the dentist carries out a painstaking case selection.
Dental polishing benefits
Dental polishing can be used to remove stains, plaque, and microorganisms that may be found on the teeth surface. Polishing has more advantages than deep cleaning, which is also called scaling. You don’t experience any pain during the procedure. At the end of the procedure, you will have clean, smooth, and shiny teeth.
Different types of dental polishing
There are different types of dental polishing that the dentist can recommend for you.
When the dentist is carrying out dental surgeries, he can lay bare the cementum that protects the roots. This procedure will help to remove endotoxins and microorganisms from the cementum surface.
Cosmetic or coronal polishing
This type of polishing helps to remove stains and any buildup. Superfine smoothing agents are used to make enamel glossy. The dentist will polish the enamel to an intensity that will make the surface to reverberate light.
This method helps in polishing the crown of the tooth. It has curative benefits, and it helps to boost the aesthetic appearance of the teeth.
This method is also known as selective polishing, extrinsic stain elimination, or selective stain elimination. This is another polishing in dentistry. The dentist will recommend this after scaling procedure to help remove any remaining stains.
The stains that polishing can remove
Endogenous and exogenous are the two major types of dental stains. The exogenous stains are found on the external surface of the teeth and are due to poor dental care routine or smoking. Endogenous stains are found on the inner part of the teeth and are caused by some dental defects like hyploplasia. Polishing can only remove the exogenous stains, and the procedure is not ideal for removing the endogenous stains.
The professional dental polisher should use the right method to prevent the wearing down of the teeth. Furthermore, the dentist will select the best polishing agent to achieve the desired results. The speed and pressure of the polishing tool should be monitored during the procedure.
Application of prophylaxis paste
The prophylaxis paste will be applied on the surface of the teeth that need polishing. Coarse pastes can remove external stains and even plaque. Some dentists prefer these pastes because they remove stains easily and efficiently. But, it is important to understand the coarse pastes can cause tooth structure loss due to the excessive abrasive strength.
The fine and medium pastes help to make the teeth surface smooth, shiny, and clean. They can also make the teeth surface less exposed to buildup and stain accumulation. The process of using these types of pastes is time-consuming and burdensome.
Factors that can make dental polishing effective
To have a successful and effective tooth polishing procedure, there are various factors that you should consider. The dentist should consider the per-minute rotation of the polishing tools like the runner cup. He should also consider the coarseness of the paste he will use. It is also important to consider the pressure of the rubber cap on the tooth surface when polishing.
During the initial stage, the dentist can use a coarse abrasion for polishing before a fine abrasion. The progressive switch from rough to fine scraping will reduce scratches which are less than 0.5mcm in size. The diameter of the scratches does not depend on the wavelength of the visible light; this makes the surface of the tooth to look shiny and smooth. It is also important to select abrasive material carefully because the hardness of the agent should not be harder than the hardness of the polished surface.
Dental teeth polishing tools
There are different types of polishing instruments. They can be automatic or manual. The automatic tools are engine-driven for polishing reasons, and the manual tools are hand-operated. Some of the manual polishing instruments include polishing strips, Porte publisher and more. Automatic tools include rubber cups, air-powder polisher and others.
The vector system of polishing uses polishing fluids to polish the tooth surface. It is more beneficial compared to other methods. This is because it causes little or no injury to the tooth structure. Some of the polishing fluids include hydroxyapatite polishing fluid, silicon carbide abrasive fluid and others.
Dental polishing helps to boost the appearance of the teeth. But, it is important to maintain a good dental care routine. This will help to keep the teeth in a healthy state and prevent dental problems.
Gum diseases are mostly caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria. The ideal way to remove the buildup is through daily brushing. However, there are some parts that you cannot reach when brushing, in such parts, bacteria and plaque can accumulate to form tartar or calculus, which is hard to clean when brushing. If it is not removed, more plaque can build up around the teeth and under the gum line, causing progression of gum issues.
To reduce the risk of dental problems, a professional polisher can recommend a professional cleaning known as scaling and polishing to clean the teeth well. The dentist will also advise you on how to take care of the teeth after polishing and when to go for check-ups. If you experience any issue before the check-up date, you can make an appointment immediately.