1. When your tooth is exposed to too much Fluoride you may get something called Fluorosis.
Fluorosis may appear as varying changes in enamel causing discoloration and in more severe cases, physical damage. The severity of fluorosis depends on age, dose and duration of fluorosis exposure. The most common form of fluorosis covers less than 25% of the tooth surface and is mainly visualized as small, white areas scattered over the tooth. During a "mild" form of fluorosis, these white patches can cover up to half of the surface area of a tooth. To be termed "moderate", typically all surfaces of the teeth are mottled and many times brown stains disfigure the teeth. When fluorosis becomes severe, it is often characterized by brown stains, discrete pitting a corroded looking appearance widespread. When fluorosis reached the moderate to severe stages, teeth then become physically damaged.
2. The most crucial time for enamel development is in the first 2 years of life.
Although some research has found that the most crucial time for enamel development is the first 2 years of life, beginning from births to the age of 6 present a potential for development of Dental Fluorosis. Typically, from age 7 and thereafter, permanent teeth have for the most part developed and the susceptibility to fluorosis is reduced despite any amount of fluoride intake. The hypo mineralization of the enamel is caused by excessive ingestion of fluoride during this enamel formation stage and is common. Susceptibility to fluorosis may also be influenced by genetic and nutrition factors.
3. How do you prevent Fluorosis?
To help prevent both dental fluorosis and tooth decay, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following:
As soon as the first tooth appears, begin brushing with water and a soft bristled toothbrush. Toothpaste is not needed for children under the age of 2 unless recommended by a dentist.
Do not brush your child's teeth more than two times a day with fluoride toothpaste.
Do not use more than a pea sized amount of toothpaste to the toothbrush bristles
Encourage your child to spit out all toothpaste after rinsing, as swallowing the toothpaste contributes to daily fluoride intake.
4. Do you or your child need Fluoride supplements?
If you live in an area with fluoridated water, fluoride supplements are NOT recommended. The Fluoride in water will be sufficient.
Should your child's dentist or pediatrician recommend a fluoride or vitamin supplement, ask about any risks for decay or potential for dental fluorosis. Fluoride supplements are not recommended if you live in areas with fluoridated water.
You may use fluoridated water when preparing infant formula. However, please be aware that if exclusively on formula, your child's potential for mild fluorosis is increased.
5. How do I remove the white stains or damage to my teeth caused by Fluorosis?
Ask us about MI Paste, over a period of 6 months or so the white spots on your teeth may start to fade away with consistent usage. At URBN Dental, we also offer KoR Whitening that is a deep teeth whitening solution that will get rid of the stains of Fluorosis and give you back that beautiful smile!
6. Is Fluoride bad for you? Is Fluoride Dangerous?
Fluoride has an anti-cavity affect, it helps your enamel stay strong and safe from decay. Secondly, fluoride helps to control the acid inside your mouth. The combination of fluoridated drinking water and fluoride toothpaste is sufficient for your daily routine.