Dental health is very vital to your overall well-being and should be given top priority. Inadequate dental hygiene has the capacity of leading to tooth decay, worn enamel, gum disease as well as cavities. And has also been associated with diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Managing healthy gums and teeth is a lifetime obligation. The earlier you start learning the basic oral hygiene practices like brushing, flossing as well as reducing your sugar is intake, the more effortless it will be to circumvent expensive dental processes and endless health problems (family dentist near me).
Causes of Dental Problems
Cavities in your mouth play host to a lot of microorganisms – bacteria, fungi and viruses. These microbes are not dangerous in small amount. But when you consume foods containing too much sugar. It can lead to the promotion of acid-producing bacteria. These bacteria will then produce acid that will dissolve in your enamel causing dental cavities. Bacteria around your gum line flourish in a gummy grid known as plaque. If the plaque is not eliminated in good time, through regular brushing and flossing. It will aggregate, fortify and move to the entire expanse of your teeth. This can bring about gum inflammation. And lead to a condition called gingivitis (family dentist near me).
Severe inflammation can make your gums to start pulling away from your teeth. This will lead to the creation of pockets which may play host to severe bacteria formation and can lead to pus. This severe condition of gum disease is known as periodontitis. Factors that contribute to periodontitis as well as gingivitis are many. They include smoking, frequent consumption of sugary foods/drinks, inadequate brushing habits, use of drugs that decrease the quantity of saliva in your mouth and hormonal changes common with women. Other factors include family history, acid reflux, weak immune system, frequent vomiting, among others (family dentist near me).
Diagnosing Dental Problems
Many dental issues can be diagnosed in the course of dental examinations. At the time of your dental examination, your dentist will carefully check your teeth, throat, mouth, tongue, jaw, cheeks and neck. Your teeth may be carefully cleaned and possibly scraped with different tools to be sure all is in ideal form. So that the diagnostic effort will be enhanced. X-rays of your mouth will be taken. But if you are pregnant, you will not be made to go for an X-ray. If there are gum pockets in your mouth, they will be measured with a special tool known as probe. This will help in determining whether you have receding gums or gum disease. Usually, pocket depths should not be more than 3mm. And anything above that may be an indication of gum disease (family dentist near me).
Furthermore, if any bizarre lesions, lumps or growths are found in your mouth, a gum biopsy may be carried out. Gum biopsy involves the removal of a little tissue from the lesion or growth as a sample. And taken to the laboratory to be examined for cancerous cells with the aid of a microscope. If your dentist suspects oral cancer, imaging tests may be recommended to ascertain the level of spread of the cells. Some of the tests that may be recommended for you include X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan and endoscopy (family dentist near me).
Types of Dental Problems
Since our mouth and teeth are used for so many vital activities, it is very essential to take care of them properly. So that things will run smoothly. A lot of dental issues can be prevented. But we may not be perfect at all times. Here are few dental problems that can put your oral health in jeopardy.
Cavities can also be referred to as tooth decay or caries. The cavity areas are part of the tooth with permanent damage or holes and are quite common. They are brought about when food debris, acid, and bacteria cover your teeth and lead to formation of plaque. Your teeth’s acid will begin to erode your enamel, dentin, and connective tissue.
Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
Gum disease is the inflammation of the gum. Also, it is known as gingivitis. It is usually caused by plaque build up on the teeth due to poor dental hygiene. It can cause swelling and bleeding when you are brushing or flossing. If it is not treated on time, it can lead to a more severe infection known as periodontitis.
This is an advanced stage of gum disease. It can reach other parts of your mouth like bones as well as gums. It can result in inflammatory reaction all through your body.
Cracked or Broken Teeth
Many things can cause cracked or broken teeth. They include mouth injury, teeth grinding at night, crunching hard foods, just to mention a few. The situation can lead to serious pain. Hence, you should see your dentist immediately in such a condition.
Treating Dental Problems
There are many treatment options available to fix dental problems. Your dentist will determine the best option for you after proper examination.
Professional teeth cleaning is very essential for eliminating plaque that is adamant to brushing and flossing. It will also ensure that tartar is removed before causing any severe problem. It is advisable to go for professional cleaning in the office of your dentist at least two times a year.
Fillings, Crowns and Sealants
Fillings are used to fix cracks, holes, and cavities in your tooth. Amalgam and composite materials are usually used for filling. On the other hand, crowns are used for replacement of a large portion of your teeth that are broken or removed. Dental sealants are usually applied on the molars to help in preventing cavities.
Visiting the dentist regularly, especially a family dentist near me, will ensure that you and your family get the highest quality of dental services. You should schedule an appointment with a competent family dental professional. So that the oral health of members of your family will receive a boost. Good oral hygiene is also very important in order to keep so many dental issues at bay. And enjoy an exceptional overall health.